Christina M. Carroll
Christina Carroll is a partner in McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP’s Washington, DC office. She is co-chair of the firm-wide Climate, Energy, and Sustainability Initiative.
Christina’s diverse practice focuses primarily on complex litigation, including insurance, environmental, toxic tort, and patent litigation. Christina also counsels insurance clients on emerging risks and opportunities associated with climate change.
Christina is skilled at mastering and organizing legally and factually complex cases and developing and executing a unique strategy for handling and best managing client concerns and challenges. Christina’s experience includes management of large litigation matters, and in particular, coordinating discovery in cases involving voluminous hard-copy documents and electronic records. Her experience also includes development of litigation strategies, preparation of offensive and defensive discovery, development of factual and complex expert testimony, defending expert depositions, drafting mediation statements, drafting trial and appellate briefs, conducting depositions, and presentation of testimony and appellate oral arguments in state and federal courts.
Christina represents a variety of clients in the insurance, chemical, healthcare, and technology industries, including government contractors. In the insurance realm, Christina represents insurance companies in coverage and bad faith disputes and also counsels them on strategic issues including emerging risks. Christina has handled matters involving directors and officers, property, commercial general liability, professional liability, and automobile liability insurance. Christina brings her environmental and scientific background together with her insight in insurance-related law to provide a unique skill set in addressing environmental, climate change, green building, cybersecurity and other emerging risks.
In addition to her insurance work, Christina represents regulated businesses and government contractors facing personal injury, property damage, and CERCLA claims arising out of distribution of products or contamination of air or ground and surface water by a wide variety of industrial chemicals. Christina has worked on a number of CERCLA actions brought by major corporations against the government for recovery of environmental remediation costs and Administrative Procedure Act cases. Christina also represents international companies in patent infringement matters.
Christina has experience in mass tort litigation involving class allegations. Christina was a key member of the legal team that succeeded in defeating class certification in a case filed by current and former workers alleging silica exposure during the drilling of tunnels at Yucca Mountain, the nation’s proposed repository for spent nuclear fuel. She also has worked on class actions under state law involving releases to soil and groundwater and products liability claims.
In addition to her insurance, intellectual property, environmental and toxic tort practice, Christina has experience in commercial litigation matters such as contract and employment disputes and enforcement of arbitration awards. Christina has experience with the judicial abstention doctrines and jurisdictional and service of process issues relevant in litigation with foreign governments and other foreign entities. Christina has prepared extensive briefing of complex issues related to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (“FSIA”), Alien Tort Claims Act (“ATCA”), and the political question doctrine.
Christina is a mentor for firm associates and is a mentor for law students through the Georgetown University Women of Color Collective.
- Analysis and counseling for major insurer regarding potential risks and opportunities associated with climate change, including with respect to potential liability, new product development, and regulatory and voluntary reporting.
- Obtaining favorable settlement for major insurer in connection with commercial lines bad faith exposure.
- Counseling healthcare client on directors and officers insurance coverage and risk management.
- Representing major insurer in breach of contract, estoppel, bad faith, and consumer protection act lawsuit involving all-risk property policy.
- Winning summary judgment motion on behalf of major insurer that eliminated over $6 million in claimed “extra expense” under all-risk property policy.
- Winning motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction in toxic tort action against European trade association.
- Successfully opposing motion for class certification in Yucca Mountain silica dust case for government contractor clients. Plaintiffs decided not to pursue claims after defeat of class certification.
- Successfully opposing motion to transfer in “first to file” dispute in patent infringement litigation.
- Achieving favorable settlement and licensing arrangement for patent holder in patent infringement action.
- Representing government contractor in cost recovery action against United States. Obtained favorable percentage of clean up costs for remediating uranium contamination in soil and groundwater.
- Representing government contractor in cost recovery action against United States. Obtained favorable percentage of clean up costs for DDT and other soil and groundwater remediation.
- Defended government contractor in cost recovery action seeking remediation costs at the Allegheny Ballistics Laboratory.
- Winning appeal of employment compensation dispute for government contractor.
- Representing pro bono client in appellate immigration matter.
- Representing pro bono client in discrimination action against Library of Congress and obtaining favorable settlement.
- J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, cum laude, 2000
- A.B., Harvard College, magna cum laude, 1997
- District of Columbia
- U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
- U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
- U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
- U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia
- U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland
- U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin
- Climate Change and Insurance, ABA Publishing (co-authored with Randy Evans, Joanne Zimolzak, and Lindene Patton), November 2012.
- "AES v. Steadfast - The First Climate Change Liability Coverage Battle and the Future of Climate Change Coverage Disputes," Bloomberg Law Reports (co-authored with Christopher Baker), November 2011.
- "The Supreme Court’s AEP Decision on Legislative Displacement of Federal Common Law Nuisance Claims and Its Implications for Climate Change Tort Litigation," (co-authored with J. Randolph Evans and Larry Ebner), Daily Environment Report, The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. (June 2011).
- "Is Past Prologue To Climate Change Liability?" Law360 (co-authored with J. Randolph Evans and Joanne Zimolzak), May 31, 2011.
- "Key Legal Developments Shaping The Future of Global Warming Lawsuits," Climate Change Business Journal (co-authored with J. Randolph Evans and Joanne Zimolzak), January 2011.
- "The Future of Global Warming Lawsuits is Now," Law360 (co-authored with J. Randolph Evans and Joanne Zimolzak), December 14, 2010.
- "The Lull Before the Storm: Climate Change and Its Potential Significant and Imminent Impacts on Professional Lines," Professional Liability Underwriting Society Journal, (co-authored with Randy Evans), August 2010.
- "Climate Change Exposure In The Insurance Field," Law360, (co-authored with Randy Evans), June 29, 2010.
- "Comer and Insurance: Who Will End Up Paying?," Bloomberg Law Reports, Climate Change Liability & Defense (co-authored with Randy Evans, May 2010).
- "Climate Change Risk Disclosure: An Update on Evolving Voluntary and Mandatory Reporting Programs and Implications for Insurers and Their Insureds," Bloomberg Insurance Weekly (March 2009).
- "Are Insurance Claims Heating Up?: The Potential Impact Of Global Warming On Insurance Claims,” Bloomberg Corporate Law Journal, Vol 3:389, p. 389, 2008.
- ACI Chemical Products Liability Conference, Overview of Toxic Tort Class Actions and Update on Recent Developments, November 5-7, 2007.
Seminars and Presentations:
- Roundtable Moderator, CLM Annual Conference, Environmental & Toxic Tort Committee - Climate Change and Insurance: What’s Ahead?, April 12, 2013, San Antonio, TX.
- Panelist, "Climate Change and Insurance: Recent Litigation and Regulatory Developments - Navigating the Impact of Climate Change on Coverage Issues, Green Insurance, Supply Chains and More," Strafford Webinar, April 25, 2013.
Panelist, “Environmental Marketing: The New Green Guides - Strategies to Meet Regulatory Standards and Minimizing Greenwashing Liability,” Strafford webinar, Dec. 12, 2012.
- Panelist, “The Emerging Debate Regarding Hydraulic Fracturing: Environmental and Insurance Issues,” Claims and Litigation Management (CLM) Alliance Construction/Environmental Conference, Nov. 9, 2012.
- PLI, "Climate Change and Insurance: What’s Ahead?," July 17, 2012.
- Panelist, BNA's EHS Webinar, "AEP v. Connecticut: The Decision and Its Implications," July 6, 2011.
- Panelist, HB Webinar, “Supreme Court Spotlight on AEP v. Connecticut,” June 30, 2011.
- Panelist, BNA's EHS Webinar, "AEP v. Connecticut: Will the U.S. Supreme Court Shape the Future of Climate Change Litigation?," April 26, 2011.
- Panelist, Strafford Publications' "Environmental Marketing: Legal Risks of Claiming to be Green," November 30, 2010.
- Panelist, HB Litigation's "Oil in the Gulf - Litigation & Insurance Coverage" conference, November 4-5, 2010, Fontainebleau Miami Beach, FL.
- Panelist, Strafford Publications' "Climate Change Nuisance Litigation: Emerging Trends and Defense Strategy for Global Warming Claims," June 22, 2010.
- Panelist, Strafford Publications' "Carbon Accounting Compliance Challenges: Strategies to Meet the EPA's New Mandatory GHG Reporting Requirements," June 8, 2010.
- Panelist, Strafford Publications' "Climate Change and Environmental Impact Statements: Complying With NEPA and State Requirements for Project Environmental Review," August 18, 2009.
- Panelist, Strafford Publications' "Greenhouse Gas Litigation: Emerging Trends and Strategies in a Dynamic Legal Landscape," March 3, 2009.